We would like to bring to your attention a new Frontiers in Microbiology research topic on: Advances in the understanding of the commensal eukaryota and viruses of the herbivore gut. The topic is also a tribute to the tremendous contributions of the late Professor Burk Dehority and Professor Colin Orpin to the field of herbivore gut microbiology. The topic is open to all type of herbivores – not just mammalian. For further details please see here.
The new genus, Liebetanzomyces, was isolated using an extended cultivation approach. It’s type strain is called L. polymorphus due to the pleomorphism it displays in terms of its sporangial and rhizoidal structures. The genus is named after Erwin Liebetanz, as he was the first to document the flagellated zoospores of anaerobic fungi in 1910. The paper can be seen here.
Anaerobic Fungi Network now has a twitter page!! Look out for more news there by following us and also spread your own anerobic fungal news using @AnaerobicFungi
A new anaerobic fungal genus – Pecoramyces – has just been described, and the corresponding paper can be found here.
The type strain, Pecoramyces ruminantium C1A (formerly known as Orpinomyces sp. C1A), has already had its genome and transcriptome sequenced.
Anaerobic fungi featured at both the rumen microbial genomics (RMG) workshop and the INRA-Rowett meeting last week in Clermont-Ferrand, France. At the RMG workshop, the importance of studying anaerobic fungi when characterising rumen microbiomes was highlighted – particularly due to their close association/interactions with methanogens. At the INRA-Rowett meeting a talk by Bob Forster (pictured in the photo) about his rumen metatranscriptomic work highlighted the central importance of anaerobic fungi in terms of ruminal fibre degradation. Certainly made a lot of people sit up and think! Well done Bob 🙂
Hope you all enjoyed the festive season – whatever way you spent/celebrated it. Wishing you all the best for 2016!!
Following the high level of interest and feedback generated by the Global Farm Platform position paper published as the Comment ‘Steps to Sustainable Livestock’ (Nature 507, 32-34, 2014), an International Conference on sustainable ruminant livestock production is planned to be held in Bristol 12-15 January 2016. For more details please see: http://www.globalfarmplatform.org/conference-intro/
Please check out our facebook page for a recent video that was shared there regarding rumen fistulation.
Rumen fistulation is a key methodological approach used to understand the role of anaerobic fungi (as well as other microorganisms) within the rumen. There are many different feelings about these kind of approaches, but I would just like to highlight the only other alternative way to obtain a representative rumen digesta sample is to euthanize an animal every time a sample is required. Therefore rumen fistulation is not only a key experimental tool (enabling repeated and/or temporal sampling of the rumen) but enables minimisation of the number of animals used in research without compromising the ability to deliver applied outcomes that have a real impact in terms of food security and environmental footprint.